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Narborough Church of England Primary Academy

Better Together

History and Geography

History

History will be taught as part of a topic. Each half term, the children will concentrate on different topics. These could be History, Geography, Design Technology or Science.

The aims of teaching History are as follows:

·         To know and understand history as a chronological narrative.

·         To know and understand history of the wider world.

·         To understand historical terms such as ‘civilisation’, ‘parliament’ and ‘peasantry’.

·         To understand historical concepts such as cause and consequence, similarity and      difference and the significance of these.

·         To understand methods of historical enquiry.

·         To gain historical perspective by placing knowledge into different contexts.

Below is what children are expected to know by the end of the academic year. Challenges for the year are in italics:

Year 1:

  • Can they ask and answer questions about old and new objects?
  • Can they see the difference between old and new?
  • Can they answer questions about an artefact provided?
  • Can they give an explanation about what an object is or may have been used for?
  • Can they carry out research about a specific subject?

Year 2:

  • Can they find out something about the past from an older person?
  • Can they answer a question by using a specific source?
  • Can they research the life of a famous person?
  • Can they research a famous British event?
  • Can they research the life of someone local to them?
  • Can they use two ways to find out about the past?
  • Can they explain why eye-witness accounts may vary?
  • Can they research a famous event that happened elsewhere in the world? 

Year 3:

  • Do they recognise the role of an archaeologist?
  • Can they use various sources to evidence answers to questions?
  • Can they research a specific event from the past?
  • Can they use their research skills to help them write about an event?
  • Can they compare different periods in time?
  • Can they use more than one source to reach a conclusion about an event?
  • Can they use search engines to find historical sources rapidly?

Year 4:

  • Can they research two versions of events and compare them?
  • Can they research what it was like in a given time period and present their findings?
  • Can they give more than one reason to support an historical argument?
  • Can they communicate knowledge and understanding while giving their point of view?
  • Can they use multi-media skills to present their findings?

Year 5:

  • Can they test out a hypothesis in order to answer a question?
  • Do they appreciate how historical artefacts have helped us understand lives in the past?
  • Can they research the life of one person who has had an influence on the way Great Britain is divided into four separate countries?

Year 6:

  • Can they look at viewpoints from an author and see how they may be trying to persuade?
  • Can they identify and explain propaganda?
  • Can they describe a key event from Britain's past using a range of evidence from different sources?
  • Can they suggest why there may be different interpretations of events?
  • Can they suggest why some events in history may be more significant than others?
  • Can they pose and answer their own historical questions?

Geography

Geography will also be taught as part of a topic. Each half term, the children will concentrate on different topics. These could be History, Geography, Design Technology or Science.

The aims of teaching Geography are as follows:

·         To develop knowledge of the location of globally significant places.

·         Understand the processes that cause physical and human geographical features.

·         Learn how to collect, analyse and present a range of geographical data.

·         Understand a range of sources of geographical information (such as map reading).

·         Communicate geographical knowledge in a range of ways.

Below is what children are expected to know by the end of the academic year. Challenges for the year are in italics:

 

Year 1:

  • Can they identify the four countries that make up the UK?
  • Can they name some of the main towns and cities in the UK?
  • Can they point out the equator, the north pole and the south pole?
  • Can they name some towns in the north and south of the UK?

Year 2: 

  • Can they name the continents of the world and find them on an atlas?
  • Can they name the world's oceans and find them on an atlas?
  • Can they name the major cities of the UK?
  • Can they find where they live on a map?
  • Can they locate some of the world's major rivers and mountain ranges?
  • Can they use the north, south, east and west of a compass?

Year 3: 

  • Can they name a number of countries in the northern hemisphere?
  • Can they name and locate some of the world's famous volcanoes?
  • Can they name and locate well known European countries?
  • Can they name and locate capital cities of neighbouring European countries?
  • Are they aware of the different weather around the world?
  • Can they name the two largest seas around Europe?

Year 4:

  • Can they locate the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn?
  • Do they know the difference between the British Isles, Great Britain and the UK?
  • Do they know the countries that make up Europe?
  • Can they name up to six cities in the UK and locate them?
  • Can they locate and name some of the islands surrounding the UK?
  • Can they name the counties that make up their local area?
  • Can they name some of the main towns and cities in their local area? 

Year 5:

  • Can they name and locate many of the world's major rivers?
  • Can they name and locate many of the world's mountain ranges?
  • Can they locate the USA and Canada on an atlas?
  • Can they name and locate the main countries in South America?
  • Can they recognise the climate of a given country?

Year 6:

  • Can they recognise key symbols using an ordnance survey map?
  • Can they name the largest desert in the world?
  • Can they name and locate the Tropics of Cancer, Tropics of Capricorn and the Arctic and Antarctic circles?
  • Can they explain how the time zones work?
  • Can they name and locate the main canals in the UK?
  • Can they name the main lines of latitude and longitude?