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Sporle Church of England Primary Academy

Better Together

Reception  Phase 1-4

Throughout the year- Phase 1

Phase One of Letters and Sounds concentrates on developing children's speaking and listening skills and lays the foundations for the phonic work which starts in Phase 2. The emphasis during Phase 1 is to get children attuned to the sounds around them and ready to begin developing oral blending and segmenting skills.

Phase 1 is divided into seven aspects. Each aspect contains three strands: Tuning in to sounds (auditory discrimination), Listening and remembering sounds (auditory memory and sequencing) and Talking about sounds (developing vocabulary and language comprehension).

Useful website for phase 1 games: 

http://www.letters-and-sounds.com/phase-1-games.html

Autumn Term- Phase 2

In Phase 2, letters and their sounds are introduced one at a time. A set of letters is taught each week, in the following sequence:

Set 1: s, a, t, p
Set 2: i, n, m, d
Set 3: g, o, c, k
Set 4: ck, e, u, r
Set 5: h, b, f, ff, l, ll, ss

The children will begin to learn to blend and segment to begin reading and spelling.  This will begin with simple words.

Words using set 1

at

sat

pat

tap

sap

Words using set 1 and 2

(+i)

(+n)

(+m)

(+d)

it

an

am

dad

is

in

man

sad

sit

nip

mat

dim

sat

pan

map

din

pit

pin

Pam

did

pip

tan

Tim

Sid

sip

nap

Sam

and

tip

tin

 

dip

Words using sets 1-3

(+g)

(+o)

(+c)

(+k)

tag

got

can

kid

gag

on

cot

kit

gig

not

cop

Kim

gap

pot

cap

Ken

nag

top

cat

 

sag

dog

cod

 

gas

pop

 

 

pig

God

 

 

dig

Mog

 

 

 Words using set 1-4

(+ck)

(+e)

(+u)

(+r)

kick

get

up

rim

sock

pet

mum

rip

sack

ten

run

ram

dock

net

mug

rat

pick

pen

cup

rag

sick

peg

sun

rug

pack

met

tuck

rot

ticket

men

mud

rocket

pocket

neck

sunset

carrot

Words using set 1-5

 

(+h)

(+b)

(+f and ff)

(+l and ll)

(+ss)

had

but

of

lap

ass

him

big

if

let

less

his

back

off

leg

hiss

hot

bet

fit

lot

mass

hut

bad

fin

lit

mess

hop

bag

fun

bell

boss

hum

bed

fig

fill

fuss

hit

bud

fog

doll

hiss

hat

beg

puff

tell

pass

has

bug

huff

sell

kiss

hack

bun

cuff

Bill

Tess

hug

bus

fan

Nell

fusspot

 

Ben

fat

dull

 

 

bat

 

laptop

 

 

bit

 

 

 

 

bucket

 

 

 

 

beckon

 

 

 

 

rabbit

 

 

 

Alongside this children are introduced to tricky words.  These are the words that are irregular words.  That means that phonics cannot be applied to the reading and spelling of these words.

The tricky words introduced in phase 2 are: 

to

the

no

go

I

Useful websites for phase 2 onwards: 

http://www.letters-and-sounds.com/phase-2.html

http://www.nessy.com/

http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/wordsandpictures/

Useful app for phase 2:

http://www.nessy.com/hairyletters/

Spring Term- Phase 3

By the time they reach Phase 3, children will already be able to blend and segment words containing the 19 letters taught in Phase 2.

Over the twelve weeks which Phase 3 is expected to last, twenty-five new graphemes are introduced (one at a time).

Set 6: j, v, w, x

Set 7: y, z, zz, qu

Consonant digraphs: ch, sh, th, ng

Vowel digraphs: ai, ee, igh, oa, oo, ar, or, ur, ow, oi, ear, air, ure, er

Tricky words: 

we

me

be

was

no

go  

my

you

they

her

all

are

Summer Term- Phase 4

By Phase 4 children will be able to represent each of 42 phonemes with a grapheme.  They will blend phonemes to read CVC words and segment CVC words for spelling.  They will also be able to read two syllable words that are simple.  They will be able to read all the tricky words learnt so far and will be able to spell some of them.

This phase consolidates all the children have learnt in the previous phases.

Tricky words:

said

so

she

he

have

like  

some

come

were

there

little

one

they

all

are

do

when

out

what

my

her

 

 

 

 By this point children would be expected to be reading CVC words at speed along with the tricky words from the previous phases.  It is important that children are taught that blending is only used when a word is unfamiliar.

There are no new sounds to learn in the summer term during Reception. However, we begin to teach the children how to read words with more sounds in them. Previously, we have mainly been reading and writing words with three sounds, such as c-a-t, f-i-sh, g-oa-t and n-igh-t. In the summer term we will begin reading and writing words with four or more sounds in them.

In order to read these words, we teach the children strategies in order to break the words down.

  • Where the vowel is the second sound, we teach the first three sounds and then put the final sound on the end, e.g. for tent, we would read t-e-n (ten) and then put the ‘t’ on the end to make tent; “ten-t”.
  • Where the vowel is the third sound, we teach the children to blend the first two sounds together and then add the next sounds. e.g. for swim, we would blend s and w (sw) and then add the i-m; “sw-i-m”.

Please remember that all of the children learn to read at different rates, and whilst some children may be ready to move on, other children will still be reading and writing words with three sounds.

There is a list of example words on the back.

We will also continue to teach the ‘Tricky Words’ which are those words that cannot be sounded out.

Tricky Words: said have like so do some come were there little one when out what

Using single letter sounds (where the vowel is the second sound) 

band bank camp damp fact hand lamp land

belt best dent felt help kept melt nest next tent went

gift lift limp link milk sink tilt wind

cost fond golf lost pond soft

bump bunk gulp gust hump hunt husk jump just tuft tusk

 

Using single letter sounds (where the vowel is the third sound) 

clap glad grab gran flag plan

step

grip spin swim trip twin

drop frog from spot stop

drum plum

 

Using multiple-letter sounds 

champ thank bench chest shelf tenth theft Welsh

chimp shift sixth think chunk punch thump

joint boost paint roast toast beast burnt

green fresh steep tree spear smell spoil train

spoon sport trash start trail clown creep brown

 

Words with more than 4 sounds 

blank brand cramp drank stamp stand tramp

blend crept slept spend trend

blink crisp drift glint twist

frost

crust plump skunk stunt trunk trust